What Are Dental Filling Materials?There are 2 types of filling materials used in dental fillings. These are,
- Amalgam fillings
- Composite fillings
What is Amalgam Filling?Amalgam fillings are popularly known as gray fillings. Amalgam fillings consist of a special metal alloy. It contains some various metals such as mercury, silver, copper.
What is Composite Filling?Composite fillings are the fillings known among people as cosmetic fillings, and they are fillings made of materials with a color similar to the color of the teeth.
Why and How Is Tooth Filling Done?Dental fillings are made to clean teeth from decay, because the presence of these germs increases their number and their advance towards the dental pulp (the nerve), and they can also be transmitted to other teeth. Therefore, the caries must be cleaned until healthy dental tissue is reached. Dental fillings are briefly performed as follows:
The tooth and surrounding gums are numbed with local anesthesia
Cleaning the tooth from decay
Examination and cleaning of dental nerves
After conducting appropriate examinations, the hollow part of the tooth is filled with composite or amalgam. In this way, the restorative treatment is completed.
Which one Should be Preferred: Amalgam Filling or Composite Filling?The answer to this question depends on the patient. Because although the type of filling that will be suitable for your tooth will be stated by the doctor, the choice is up to the patient. Both filling types have their own advantages and disadvantages. Your doctor will inform you about these issues and will tell you the most appropriate type of filling according to your lifestyle, usage style and health condition of your teeth.
To briefly explain, the advantages and disadvantages of amalgam and composite fillings are as follows:
- Amalgam fillings are low-cost fillings. These are solid as they are metal alloys.
- Composite fillings are slightly more costly than amalgam fillings, however, composite fillings look more aesthetic since they are tooth-colored.
- The disadvantage of amalgam filling is that it does not protect the teeth for life and can cause tooth sensitivity over time.
- Composite fillings protect the tooth from cold and hot temperatures, do not cause sensitivity, and support the remaining dental tissue.
- Disadvantage of composite fillings is that they are more costly than amalgam fillings.
- Composite fillings are applied in layers, and a special placement and fixation process is applied after each layer. In this way, decayed parts of the tooth are supported from the inside out, and the teeth are strengthened against cracks and breaks.